Sri Lanka is negotiating a fresh military cooperation deal with the United States, its Prime Minister announced in parliament today, even as the country’s president vowed to veto any agreement.
Ranil Wickremesinghe said the government was discussing a replacement for the 1995 Status of Forces (SOFA) arrangement that would allow the US military easier access to the strategically placed Indian Ocean island.
The prime minister said negotiations were ongoing as the new document contained provisions Sri Lanka was “not able to accept”, without elaborating on what they were.
His comments came days after President Maithripala Sirisena said he would not let the government headed by his pro-West arch-rival conclude any deal giving US forces freer access to Sri Lanka.
“I will not allow the SOFA that seeks to betray the nation. Some foreign forces want to make Sri Lanka one of their bases. I will not allow them to come into the country and challenge our sovereignty,” Sirisena, who faces an election this year, said at a rally last weekend.
Wickremesinghe denied that the new SOFA would lead to a permanent US presence on the island.
“The US Navy is not a fleet of fishing trawlers. They don’t need any bases (in SriLanka),” he said.
The US and Sri Lankan militaries can already access each other’s ports and airports under the 2007 Acquisition and Cross-Servicing Agreement (ACSA).
The United States last year granted US$39 million for maritime security to Sri Lanka as China increases its presence in the strategic region.
US concern has increased as China steps up investment in ports and other projects on the island, which is a key link in Beijing’s ambitious “Belt and Road” infrastructure initiative.
China has vowed to keep providing financial help, including loans, to Sri Lanka despite warnings about the nation’s mounting debt.
Sri Lanka in 2017 gave a 99-year lease on a strategic port to Beijing because it could not repay Chinese loans for the US$1.4 billion project.
Hambantota port straddles the world’s busiest east-west shipping route and also gives a strategic foothold to China in a region long dominated by India.